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Luftbild Finnischer Meerbusen

The northern part of the Baltic Sea.

The Baltic Sea is a brackish 'Mediterranean' class sea located between Central and Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 10°E to 30°E longitude.

It is bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Europe, and the Danish islands. It drains into the Kattegat by way of the Øresund, the Great Belt and the Little Belt. The Kattegat continues through Skagerrak into the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The Baltic Sea might be considered to be bordered on its northern edge by the Gulf of Bothnia, on its northeastern edge by the Gulf of Finland, and on its eastern edge by the Gulf of Riga. These various gulfs can also be considered part of the greater Baltic Sea.

Several rivers like the Lithuanian Pregolya River empty in to it. The Pregolya River passes in to it via the Vistula Lagoon.

The Baltic Sea is connected by man-made waterways to the White Sea via the White Sea Canal, and to the North Sea via the Kiel Canal. The nations of Denmark, Estonia, Finland Germany, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia and Sweden all have coastlines on it.

The Port of Klaipėda, Port of Kaliningrad, the Port of Muuga, the port of Paldiski and the port of Baltiysk are among the major ports that are along it's coastline. The Port of Muuga (Estonian: Muuga sadam) is also the largest cargo port in Estonia.


  • Max length- 1,600 km (990 mi)
  • Max width- 193 km (120 mi)
  • Surface area- 377,000 km2 (146,000 sq mi)
  • Average depth- 55 m (180 ft)
  • Water volume- 20,000 km3 (4,800 cu mi)

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