The term 'The Courland Pocket' referred to the Red Army's blockade or encirclement of Axis forces on the Courland peninsula during the closing months of World War II. Its German commander was General Bagramyan, who was later promoted to Marshal Bagramyan. It held out untill mid 1945. 'Army Group Courland' as the force was known as, was commanded by General (of Infantry) Carl Hilpert, 189,000 German troops, including 42 officers in the rank of general surrender by the capitulated Wehrmacht command on 8 May 1945.

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